bodily integrity. Animals have an interest in not having their bodies violated against their will. This includes having their physical boundaries invaded, having injuries inflicted on them, or being forced into reproductive processes. It is in their interest to maintain the integrity, i.e. the wholeness and undiminished state, of their physical body and for that state to be unimpaired by others. The violation of an animal’s bodily integrity is required on a routine basis in the animal agricultural industry in the form of artificial insemination, semen harvesting, branding, tail docking, castration, milking and shearing, amongst other common practices.

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