References and Photo Credits for Why Animals Matter

References and Photo Credits for Why Animals Matter

References for Why Animals Matter Page

[1] Shettleworth, S. J. (2010).  Clever animals and killjoy explanations. Trends in Cognitive Science, 1-5. p. 1.

[2] See also The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness in Human and Nonhuman Animals, and the European Union’s Treaty of Lisbon, 2009.

[3] Ferdowsian, H. (2014). Ethical Problems Concerning the Use of Animals in Psychiatric Research. (under review for publication)

[4] Nussbuam, M. (2006, February 3). The moral status of animals.  Chronicle of Higher Education.

[5] Amended in 1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002 and 2007.

[6] For state-by-state laws, see ASPCA at ,

[7] Animal Legal Defense Fund (2013).

[8] See “South Dakota Lawmakers Enact Stronger Anti-Cruelty Laws” for more information:

[9] See also Ascione, F. R.. & Arkow, P. (1999). Child abuse, domestic violence, and animal abuse. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press.  And Linzey, A. (2009). The link between animal abuse and human violence. East Sussex, UK: Sussex Academic Press.

[10] Francione, Gary. L. (1995). Animals, property, and the law. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, p. 4.

[11] See the Nonhuman Rights Project and the publications of attorney Steven Wise:

[12] Midgley, Mary (2008). “Why Farm Animals Matter.” In The Future of Animal Farming, edited by Marian Stamp Dawkins & Roland Bonney, 21–31. Oxford: Blackwell Pub. p. 21

[13] Linzey, Andrew, & Paul Clarke. (2004). Animal Rights: A Historical Anthology. New York: Columbia University Press.

[14] See books on animal rights philosophy such as: Francione, Gary L. (1996). Rain Without Thunder: The Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.  And Nibert, David Alan. (2013). Animal Oppression and Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict. New York: Columbia University Press. And Regan, Tom. (1983). The Case for Animal Rights. Berkeley: University of California Press.

[15] For speciesism, see Singer, Peter (1990). Animal Liberation. 2nd ed. New York: Random House. And Dunayer, Joan (2004). Speciesism, New York: Lantern Books.  For information on parallels between speciesism, sexism, and racism, see books such as: Adams, Carol J. (1990). The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-vegetarian Critical Theory. New York: Continuum. And Harper, A. Breeze (2010). Sistah Vegan: Black Female Vegans Speak on Food, Identity, Health, and Society, New York: Lantern Books. And Spiegel, Marjorie (1996). The Dreaded Comparison: Human and Animal Slavery. New York: Mirror Books.

[16] See various visions of animal rights in books such as these: Donaldson, Sue, & Kymlicka, Will (2011). Zoopolis: A Political Theory of Animal Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press. And  Hall, Lee (2010). On Their Own Terms: Bringing Animal Rights Philosophy Down to Earth, Darien, CT: Nectar Bat Press.  And Steiner, Gary (2008). Animals and the Moral Community: Mental Life, Moral Status, and Kinship. New York: Columbia University Press.

[17] Beers, Diane L. (2006). For the Prevention of Cruelty: The History and Legacy of Animal Rights Activism in the United States. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. p. 3

[18] Steffen, W., Crutzen, P., & McNeill, J. (2007). The Anthropocene: Are humans now overwhelming the great forces of nature? Ambio, 36(8), 614–621.

[19] See resources such as: Wilson, Edward O. (2010). The Diversity of Life, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. And Jamieson, Dale (2002). Morality’s Progress: Essays on Humans, Other Animals, and the Rest of Nature. New York: Oxford University Press.

[20] See resources such as: Kheel, Marti (2008). Nature Ethics: An Ecofeminist Perspective. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.  And Freeman, Carrie P. (2010). Meat’s Place on the Campaign Menu: How U.S. Environmental Discourse Negotiates Vegetarianism. Environmental Communication, 4(3), 255–276.  And Varner, Gary E. (1998). In Nature’s Interests? Interests, Animal Rights, and Environmental Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.

[21] See resources such as: Diamond, J. M. (2005). Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. New York: Viking. And a DVD by Brockhoff, G. (2010). Shop ’til You Drop: The Crisis of Consumerism. Northampton, MA: Media Education Foundation.

[22] Lappe, Frances Moore (2011). EcoMind: Changing the Way We Think, to Create the World We Want, New York: Nation Books.

[23] For more on this, see Merskin, D. (2010). Media, Minorities, & Meaning: A Critical Introduction. New York: Peter Lang.  And Wilson, C. C., Guttierez, F., Chao, L. M. (2003). Racism, Sexism, and the Media. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

[24] Corbett, J. B. (2006). Communicating nature: How we create and understand environmental messages. Washington, DC: Island Press.

[25] Schroepfer, K. K., Rosati, A. G., Chartrand, T., & Hare, B. (2011). Use of “entertainment” chimpanzees in commercials distorts public perception regarding conservation status. PLOS ONE.

[26]  Røskaft, E., Bjerkec, T., Kaltenbornc, B., Linnellb, J. D. C., Andersen, R. (2003). Patterns of self-reported fear towards large carnivores among the Norwegian public. Evolution and Human Behavior (24), 184-198.  And Peschak, T. P. (2014). Sharks and people: Exploring our relationship with the most feared fish in the sea. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

[27] Freeman, C. P. (2009). This Little Piggy Went to Press: The American News Media’s Construction of Animals in Agriculture. The Communication Review, 12(1), 78 -103.

[28] Dewey, J. (1954). Art as experience. New York: Putnam, pp. 3-4.

 For citation purposes, this page was last updated December 2014

Photo Credits for Why Animals Matter Page